• 1) Agricultural Systems:

Farming System.png

 

 

Task 1:

 

A) Click on the banner below and Click on the banner below and make notes on the presentation. 

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B) Save a copy of the definitions sheet below and complete all of the definitions that we have mentioned so far.

Agriculture dictionary defintions.doc

C) Exam Style Questions.

i) What is meant by processes in an agricultural system? Give two examples.

ii) Give an example of a human and a non human input.

iii) To what extent are human inputs more important than the physical ones.


2) Commercial or Subsistence, Intensive or Extensive, Arable or Pastoral:

Use the information below to help you describe the type of farming in each picture.

Subsitence or commercial?

Subsistence Farmers – produce food for themselves and their family, there is no profit Commercial Farmers – sell their crops and animals to make a profit

  • Intensive or Extensive?

Intensive – High inputs of money, labour or technology to achieve high outputs or yields per hectare. The farms are usually quite small

Extensive – Low inputs, large areas of land, low outputs or yields per hectare

  • Arable – Pastoral – Mixed?

Arable– is the growing of crops

Pastoral – is the keeping of animals

Mixed– is when farmers grow crops and rear animals

  • Sedentary or Nomadic?

Sedentary is when the settlement is permanent and the landscape farmed every year

Nomadic farmers move around looking for fresh pasture or new plots to cultivate

tomato_rockwool.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

Tomatoes being grown in a greenhouse in the Netherlands.

Subsistence_Farming_in_Altiplano_Bolivia.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Farming in Altiplano, Bolivia

 


dairy.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

A dairy farm in Oregon, USA

 


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Salad crops being grown in the UK

 


Agriculture---Rice.jpg

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Tea farming in Asia

 

Task 2:

A) Choose two photographs. Insert them into a word document and for each photo, describe the inputs, processes and outputs for that form of Agriculture.

B) Exam Style Questions.

i) What is the difference between subsistence and commercial farming? (2 marks)

ii) Identify an output (2 marks)

– from an arable farm

– from a pastoral farm.

iii) Suggest the likely advantages to a farmer of mixed farming. (3 marks)

iv) Suggest reasons why many farmers carry out intensive farming. (4)


Factors Affecting Farming:

Factors Affecting Farm Type.doc

Agric Factors.doc

igcse_agricultural_definitions blank.doc

Use the information above to answer the following questions.

i) Using examples of different land uses, explain how relief influences farmers’ decisions. (4 marks)

ii) Explain why agricultural land use varies from place to place. (5 marks)


 

An introduction to Subsistence Farming

Subsistance Farming game header.PNG


Farming Case Studies: Choose one of the following case studies. 

1) Subsistence Rice Farming in the Ganges Delta

Links : 

Subsistence Farming – Ganges River, India and Bangladesh

LEDC Case Study: Intensive Wet Rice farming,  Subsistence Rice Farming in the Ganges Valley, India

 

2) Subsistence Rice Farming in Nepal

Subsistence Rice Farming in Nepal.docx

Use the the resources above to build up a case study of subsistence farming in either Nepal or India. Your case study should include the following:

1. Location. Where is the farm and check out the surrounding area using Google Maps / Google Earth to help you with part 2.

2. Natural inputs (relief,climate and soil)

3. Human inputs (economic, social, financial and ICT).

4. Influences on the scale of production (What determines whether it is a good season or a bad season)

5. How the farm works

6. The products of the farm.

7. Other Outputs

8. Environmental Issues

9. Diversification

10. Changes that have taken place eg changes in farming practices.


Cross Unit Link:

Indian Slum.jpg
How is this linked to Subsistence Agriculture?

Why do you think so many subsistence farmers are moving away from rural areas and into the informal settlements (shanty towns,slums, favela) that are common around cities in the developing world.


2) Large Scale Commercial Farming: Kalyeeda Station, The Kimberley, Western Australia.

Kalyeeda Station.PNG

Click on the image below and then select Kayleeda Station from the map.

You are going to use the Kayleeda Station as the second of your case studies.

Your case study should include the following:

1. Location. Where is the farm and check out the surrounding area using Google Maps / Google Earth to help you with part 2.

2. Natural inputs (relief,climate and soil)

3. Human inputs (economic, social and ICT).

4. Influences on the scale of production

5. How the farm works

6. The products of the farm.

7. Other Outputs

8. Environmental Issues

9. Diversification


3. Commercial Dairy Farming in the UK

Dairy Farmers.PNG
1) Pick a farm by clicking on this image.
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2) Find out about the inputs, processes and outputs of the farming by click on this image and following the links.

Exam Style Question

-For an example of a farm or agricultural system at a named location,describe the farming system. (7 marks)